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Dr Jim Turner

Profile summary

  • Central Academic Staff
  • Lecturer in Forensic Psychology
  • Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences
  • School of Psychology
  • Psychology
  • jim.turner

Research interests

Jim Turner's research considers the application of psychological knowledge about face perception to suspect identification in a forensic setting. The main focus of Jim's work has been on the efficacy of facial compositing systems in police use and adapting the systems and procedures in the light of psychological theory and research. This work has had an impact on police use of composite systems, as the later versions of E-FIT, and the training that police operators, receive incorporate elements from Jim's PhD research.

He previously worked on an EPSRC-funded project examining the interaction between eyewitnesses and new composite systems based on Principal Components Analysis. This project was undertaken in collaboration with the Forensic Imaging Group at the University of Kent and resulted in the production of a new facial compositing system: E-FIT V. He has also contributed to the development of the Association of Chief Police Officers' guidelines for morphing of facial images.

Lately, Jim’s research interests have developed in the direction of the ‘CSI Effect’. This is a phenomenon in which portrayals of forensic science and evidence in the media (particularly the entertainment media) may influence the expectations of the ‘general public’ (especially juries) about what evidence to expect in real cases. This can have serious consequences for the application of justice in trials involving – or lacking – forensic evidence.

Jim is a member of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (SARMAC), the British Psychological Society (BPS) and the Open University’s International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR). 

Brace, N.A, Pike, G.E., Kemp, R.I. and Turner, J. (2009) Eyewitness identification procedures and stress: a comparison of live and video identification procedures. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 11, 2, 183-192.

Turner, J., Brace, N.A., Motzkau, J.F., Briggs, G. and Pike, G.E. (2009) Forensic Psychology: Crime, Offending and Policing. Pearson.

Motzkau, J.F., Pike, G.E., Briggs, G., Brace, N.A. and Turner, J. (2009) Forensic Psychology: Witnesses, Experts and Evidence on Trial. Wiley.

Brace, N.A, Pike, G.E., and Turner, J. (2008) Holistic facial composite systems: Are they compatible with witness recall? International Journal of Cognitive Technology, 13,2, 30-41.

Pike, G.E., Brace, N.A., Turner, J. & Kynan, S. (2007) Making faces with computers: Witness cognition and technology. In I.E. Dror (Ed.) (2007). Cognitive Technologies and the Pragmatics of Cognition. John Benjamin Press. Amsterdam. ISBN-10: 902722242.

Brace, N.A., Pike, G.E., Kemp, R.I., Turner, J. & Bennett, P. (2006). Does the presentation of multiple facial-composites improve suspect identification? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20 (2), pp 213-226.

Pike, G.E., Brace, N.A., Turner, J. & Kynan, S. (2005). Making faces with computers: Witness cognition and technology. Pragmatics and Cognition, Special Issue: Cognition and Technology, 13 (3), pp 459-479.

Turner, J., Pike, G., Brace, N. & Kemp, R. (2000). Face superiority and E-FIT construction: A minimal face experiment. Proceedings of The British Psychological Society, 7 (1) p.47.

Turner, J., Pike, G., Towell, N., Kemp, R. & Bennett, P. (1999). Making faces: Comparing E-FIT construction techniques. Proceedings of The British Psychological Society, 7 (1) p.78.

A repository of research publications and other research outputs can be viewed at The Open University's Open Research Online.

Teaching interests

Jim was the production chair for the 30-credit postgraduate module Forensic psychology: crime, offenders and policing (D872), and also worked on the production of its partner module Forensic psychology: witnesses, experts and evidence on trial (D873) and the undergraduate module Applying psychology (DSE232). Jim has also worked on the undergraduate modules Discovering psychology (DSE141), Exploring psychology (DSE212) and Exploring psychology on-line project (DZX222), and the postgraduate modules Research methods dissertation in social sciences (D845) and Psychometrics: selection and assessment (D842) (as an exam board member).

Research Activity

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
Forensic Psychology Research GroupGroupFaculty of Social Sciences
International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR)CentreFaculty of Social Sciences

Publications

The impact of attentional set and situation awareness on dual tasking driving performance (2017-09)
Briggs, Gemma F.; Hole, Graham J. and Turner, Jim A.J.
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour ((Early Access))
Eye-witness identification procedures and stress: a comparison of live and video identification parades (2009)
Brace, Nicola A.; Pike, Graham E.; Kemp, Richard I. and Turner, Jim
International Journal of Police Science & Management, 11(2) (pp. 183-192)
Holistic facial composite systems: are they compatible with witness recall? (2008)
Brace, Nicola A.; Pike, Graham E. and Turner, Jim A.
Cognitive Technology Journal, 13(2) (pp. 42-49)
Making faces with computers: Witness cognition and technology (2005)
Pike, Graham; Brace, Nicola; Turner, Jim and Kynan, Sally
Pragmatics & Cognition, 13(3) (pp. 459-479)
Testing the weapon focus effect: change blindness and eyewitness identification (2016)
Briggs, Gemma; Turner, Jim and Pike, Graham
In : European Association of Psychology and Law Conference (EAPL 2017) (5-8 July 2016, Toulouse, France)
Comparing types of sequential lineups (2009-07-26)
Pike, Graham; Brace, Nicola; Briggs, Gemma and Turner, Jim
In : The 8th Biennial Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (26-30 Jul 2009, Kyoto, Japan)
Change blindness during an identification parade (2009-07-26)
Brace, Nicola; Pike, Graham; Turner, Jim and Briggs, Gemma
In : The 8th Biennial Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (26-30 Jul 2009, Kyoto, Japan)
Can composite construction contaminate witness memory? (2009-07-26)
Turner, Jim; Briggs, Gemma; Pike, Graham and Brace, Nicola
In : The 8th Biennial Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (26-30 July 2009, Kyoto, Japan)

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