Jim Turner's research considers the application of psychological knowledge about face perception to suspect identification in a forensic setting. The main focus of Jim's work has been on the efficacy of facial compositing systems in police use and adapting the systems and procedures in the light of psychological theory and research. This work has had an impact on police use of composite systems, as the later versions of E-FIT, and the training that police operators, receive incorporate elements from Jim's PhD research.
He previously worked on an EPSRC-funded project examining the interaction between eyewitnesses and new composite systems based on Principal Components Analysis. This project was undertaken in collaboration with the Forensic Imaging Group at the University of Kent and resulted in the production of a new facial compositing system: E-FIT V. He has also contributed to the development of the Association of Chief Police Officers' guidelines for morphing of facial images.
Lately, Jim’s research interests have developed in the direction of the ‘CSI Effect’. This is a phenomenon in which portrayals of forensic science and evidence in the media (particularly the entertainment media) may influence the expectations of the ‘general public’ (especially juries) about what evidence to expect in real cases. This can have serious consequences for the application of justice in trials involving – or lacking – forensic evidence.
Jim is a member of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (SARMAC), the British Psychological Society (BPS) and the Open University’s International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR).
Brace, N.A, Pike, G.E., Kemp, R.I. and Turner, J. (2009) Eyewitness identification procedures and stress: a comparison of live and video identification procedures. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 11, 2, 183-192.
Turner, J., Brace, N.A., Motzkau, J.F., Briggs, G. and Pike, G.E. (2009) Forensic Psychology: Crime, Offending and Policing. Pearson.
Motzkau, J.F., Pike, G.E., Briggs, G., Brace, N.A. and Turner, J. (2009) Forensic Psychology: Witnesses, Experts and Evidence on Trial. Wiley.
Brace, N.A, Pike, G.E., and Turner, J. (2008) Holistic facial composite systems: Are they compatible with witness recall? International Journal of Cognitive Technology, 13,2, 30-41.
Pike, G.E., Brace, N.A., Turner, J. & Kynan, S. (2007) Making faces with computers: Witness cognition and technology. In I.E. Dror (Ed.) (2007). Cognitive Technologies and the Pragmatics of Cognition. John Benjamin Press. Amsterdam. ISBN-10: 902722242.
Brace, N.A., Pike, G.E., Kemp, R.I., Turner, J. & Bennett, P. (2006). Does the presentation of multiple facial-composites improve suspect identification? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20 (2), pp 213-226.
Pike, G.E., Brace, N.A., Turner, J. & Kynan, S. (2005). Making faces with computers: Witness cognition and technology. Pragmatics and Cognition, Special Issue: Cognition and Technology, 13 (3), pp 459-479.
Turner, J., Pike, G., Brace, N. & Kemp, R. (2000). Face superiority and E-FIT construction: A minimal face experiment. Proceedings of The British Psychological Society, 7 (1) p.47.
Turner, J., Pike, G., Towell, N., Kemp, R. & Bennett, P. (1999). Making faces: Comparing E-FIT construction techniques. Proceedings of The British Psychological Society, 7 (1) p.78.
A repository of research publications and other research outputs can be viewed at The Open University's Open Research Online.
Jim was the production chair for the 30-credit postgraduate module Forensic psychology: crime, offenders and policing (D872), and also worked on the production of its partner module Forensic psychology: witnesses, experts and evidence on trial (D873) and the undergraduate module Applying psychology (DSE232). Jim has also worked on the undergraduate modules Discovering psychology (DSE141), Exploring psychology (DSE212) and Exploring psychology on-line project (DZX222), and the postgraduate modules Research methods dissertation in social sciences (D845) and Psychometrics: selection and assessment (D842) (as an exam board member).
|Forensic Psychology Research Group||Group||Faculty of Social Sciences|
|International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR)||Centre||Faculty of Social Sciences|