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Dr Camilla Elphick

Professional biography


BA (Hons) in History of Art and Italian (University College London)

BSc (Hons) in Psychology (The Open University)

PhD in Applied Cognitive Psychology (The University of Sussex in 2018, supervised by Graham Hole). The research used pupil size (pupillometry) to measure face recognition as ‘eyewitnesses’ looked at potential ‘suspects’ in lineups. This led us to believe that pupillometry could potentially be added to current police lineup procedures, to measure recognition as eyewitnesses make identification decisions. 


British Psychological Society (BPS)

Associate Fellow of the HEA (2016)

Harm and Evidence Research Collaborative (HERC)

Centre of Policing Research and Learning (CPRL)

Forensic Cognition Research Group (FCRG)

Research interests

I work with Graham PikeZoe Walkington and Lara Frumkin for a citizen forensics project. This aims to improve communications between citizens and institutions (e.g. police). In this capacity, I conducted research to inform the creation of future digital policing that serves citizens appropriately, while also conforming to police values. I was also involved in the conception and development of an online Gratitude Tree, which was inspired by the NHS “Clap for Carers”. It aims to create a positive online space where people can share feelings and expressions of gratitude and support.

I am also interested finding ways to minimise issues with eyewitness memory and identification accuracy.

I have also conducted research into workplace harassment and was recently employed as a researcher for an AI reporting tool called Spot, which is freely available for people to report workplace harassment and discrimination. More recently, I was employed as an academic advisor for the BBC Sounds podcast Bad People, focusing mainly on witnesses to sexual harassment.

My research interests thus lie mainly in the application of psychology to make positive changes to 'real world' issues.

If you are interested in taking part in our most recent environment research, please click here.

If you are interested in taking part in our most recent eyewitness research, please click here.

Academic submissions under review:

Elphick, C.; Stuart, A.; Philpot, R.; Walkington, Z.; Frumkin, L.; Zhang, M.; Levine, M.; Price, B.; Pike, G.; Nuseibeh, B.; Bandara, A. Altruism and anxiety: Engagement with online community support initiatives (OCSIs) during Covid-19 lockdown in the UK and Ireland​. In preprint  here.

Elphick C., Minhas, R., Shaw J. Everybody knows: The importance of speaking up about witnessed workplace harassment and discrimination. In preprint  here.

Witnessing workplace harassment and discrimination: Overcoming the ‘social contagion’ of toxic work culture

Teaching interests

I am a Lecturer in Psychology at the Open University, where I work closely with Gemma BriggsAilsa StrathieJim TurnerLee Curley, and Hayley Ness

Since working at the Open University, I have been involved in:

  • presentation of the undergraduate module DE100: Investigating Psychology
  • production of the module DD210: Living psychology: from the everyday to the extraordinary
  • presentation of the MSc module DD802: Investigating Forensic Psychology

I have also been an Associate Lecturer for the module DE100: Investigating psychology

I have been a Guest Lecturer at the University of West London for two Interactive Memory Workshops.

I have also been invited as Guest Lecturer at the University of Sussex for lectures on Problems with Eyewitness Testimony and Face Composite Systems

Impact and engagement

I made a written submission to the Women and Equalities Committee Inquiry into Sexual Harassment in the Workplace (2018).

I was also involved in work by Graham Hole and Gemma Briggs, which addresses the dangers of driving while talking on hands-free mobile phones (2018). 

Policy Brief: Think talking on your hands-free while driving is safe? Think again.

Policy Document: Tackling the dangers of using hands-free mobiles while driving.

External collaborations

I was employed as an academic advisor for the Bad People podcast, available on BBC Sounds. In this capacity, I was interviewed for an episode on witnessing sexual harassment Hollywood Predator: Would you keep an open secret?​ and wrote a supporting article Weinstein: Why so many witnesses of sexual harassment stay silent.

I am also involved in a project exploring the psychological aspects of Wiedemann Steiner Syndrome (WSS). This was genetically idenitified in 2012, so there has been no published psychological research to date. For this research, I co-supervise a research student with Nicola Yuill from the University of Sussex. Other collaborators are Wendy Jones from Great Ormond Street Hospital and Jane Waite from Aston University.


Protecting Victim and Witness Statement: Examining the Effectiveness of a Chatbot that Uses Artificial Intelligence and a Cognitive Interview (2022)
Minhas, Rashid; Elphick, Camilla and Shaw, Julia
AI & Society, 37 (pp. 265-281)

Digital detectives: websleuthing reduces eyewitness identification accuracy in police lineups (2021-04)
Elphick, Camilla; Philpot, Richard; Zhang, Min; Stuart, Avelie; Pike, Graham; Strathie, Ailsa; Havard, Catriona; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Levine, Mark; Price, Blaine; Bandara, Arosha and Nuseibeh, Bashar
Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 640513

Building trust in digital policing: a scoping review of community policing apps (2021)
Elphick, Camilla; Philpot, Richard; Zhang, Min; Stuart, Avelie; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Pike, Graham; Gardner, Kelly; Lacey, Mark; Levine, Mark; Price, Blaine; Bandara, Arosha and Nuseibeh, Bashar
Police Practice and Research, 22(5) (1469 -1491)

You can believe your eyes: measuring implicit recognition in a lineup with pupillometry (2020)
Elphick, Camilla E. J.; Pike, Graham E. and Hole, Graham J.
Psychology, Crime and Law, 26(1) (pp. 67-92)

Attitudes towards Online Community Support Initiatives during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Survey in the UK (2022-05-10)
Zhang, Min; Elphick, Camilla; Philpot, Richard; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Price, Blaine; Pike, Graham; Levine, Mark; Nuseibeh, Bashar and Bandara, Arosha
In : CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (1-7 May 2022)

Towards Citizen Forensics: Improving Citizen-Police Collaboration (2020)
Bandara, Arosha; Zhang, Min; Price, Blaine; Pike, Graham; Elphick, Camilla; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Philpot, Richard; Levine, Mark; Stuart, Avelie and Nuseibeh, Bashar
In : Workshop on Crime and/or Punishment: Joining the Dots between Crime, Legality and HCI, Extended Abstracts of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (25-30 Apr 2020, Honolulu, HI, USA)

Designing Technologies for Community Policing (2020)
Zhang, Min; Bandara, Arosha; Price, Blaine; Pike, Graham; Walkington, Zoe; Elphick, Camilla; Frumkin, Lara; Philpot, Richard; Levine, Mark; Stuart, Avelie and Nuseibeh, Bashar
In : Extended Abstracts of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Late Breaking Work) (25-30 Apr 2020, Honolulu, HI, USA) (pp. 1-9)

Pupil changes linked to eyewitness memory strength in police lineups (2019-11-04)
Elphick, Camilla; Hole, Graham and Welsh, Lucy
The Conversation

In the #MeToo era, a chatbot can help people report workplace harassment (2018-03-19)
Shaw, Julia and Elphick, Camilla
The Conversation