I started at the Open University in 2019, having previously worked at the universities of Southampton, Oxford, St Andrews and Antwerp.
I received my PhD in 2011 from Birkbeck, University of London. My thesis was at the intersection of aesthetics, social epistemology and philosophy of mind, and concerned the epistemic status of pictorial representation; in short: how we learn about the world through pictures, as opposed to first-hand experience (via direct perception) or at second-hand (via the words of other people). My PhD was supported by the inaugural British Society of Aesthetics PhD Studentship and a Royal Institute of Philosophy Jacobsen Fellowship.
Following my PhD, my research has moved into the philosophies of mind, perception, psychology and psychiatry. I'm currently writing a book on mental imagery and most of my current research concerns the roles played by imagery in human cognition. Some representative publications in this area include:
From 2012-2021 I was Treasurer of the British Society of Aesthetics.
I currently supervise PhD students in aesthetics, the philosophy of mind and history of philosophy. I have slim capacity to take on additional doctoral students, but would be happy to hear from potential applicants whose research directly alligns with my own.
Philosophy of mind
I'm interested in all aspects of the workings of the mind, but find perception and mental imagery particularly fascinating. I've recently become interested in psychopathologies, especially depression and bipolar disorder, and the role that mental imagery has been found to play in their onset, maintenance and treatment. Other topics I've written about include:
My research on these topics is informed by work in psychology and neuroscience, in both experimental and clinical settings.
Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
I'm interested in the nature of pictures, both their aesthetic and epistemic/informational value, and, distinctly, aesthetic judgment and appreciation. Following on from my PhD, I've written a great deal about photographic pictures, and some of that work shades into social epistemology. For instance, I am currently editing a special issue of Synthese on deepfakes.
Other topics I've written about include:
I've also written a couple of things in philosophy of religion and mainstream epistemology.
I am currently writing teaching materials on global justice for DD113 Global Challenges: Social Science in Action (due to go live Oct 2023) and a book on the philosophy and mind for DA223, replacement for our current flagship level-2 module A222: Exploring Philosophy (due to go live Oct 2024). I give guest lectures on consciousness and emotions for MA students and run forum activities on collective knowledge for students of A333: Key Questions in Philosophy.
Dan has featured on BBC News Channel programme Click where he was interviewed on the malicious use of fabricated, photorealistic images. He has also given public talks at art galleries and written for various blogs.
Mental Imagery: Greasing the Mind's Gears (2023-10)
Philosophers' Imprint, 23(23) ((Early access))
Predictive Processing and Perception: What does Imagining have to do with it? (2022-11)
Consciousness and Cognition, 106, Article 103419
Scalar Epistemic Consequentialism (2022-03)
Thought: A Journal of Philosophy, 11(1)
Aphantasia and psychological disorder: Current connections, defining the imagery deficit and future directions (2022)
Frontiers in Psychology, 13
Arrangement and Timing: Photography, Causation and Anti-Empiricist Aesthetics (2021-10-22)
Ergo, 7, Article 33 (pp. 877-903)
Sensorimotor Expectations and the Visual Field (2021)
Synthese, 198 (pp. 3991-4006)
Are the Psychophysical Laws Fine-Tuned? (2021)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 89 (pp. 285-292)
Mental imagery: pulling the plug on perceptualism (2021)
Philosophical Studies, 178 (pp. 3847-3868)
Untying the knot: imagination, perception and their neural substrates (2021)
Synthese, 199 (pp. 7203-7230)
“Categories of Art” at 50: An Introduction (2020)
Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 78(1) (pp. 65-66)
Naïve Realism and the Cognitive Penetrability of Perception (2018-09)
Analytic Philosophy, 59(3) (pp. 391-412)
Odors, Objects and Olfaction (2018-01-01)
American Philosophical Quarterly, 55(1) (pp. 81-94)
Touching Voids: On the Varieties of Absence Perception (2017-06)
Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 8(2) (pp. 355-366)
Reasoned and Unreasoned Judgement: On Inference, Acquaintance and Aesthetic Normativity (2017-02-20)
The British Journal of Aesthetics, 57(1) (pp. 1-17)
Book review of The First Sense: A Philosophical Study of Human Touch, by Matthew Fulkerson, and Does Perception Have Content?, by Berit Brogaard (ed.) (2015-10)
The Philosophical Quarterly, 65(261) (pp. 833-838)
Photographic Phenomenology as Cognitive Phenomenology (2015-04-16)
The British Journal of Aesthetics, 55(1) (pp. 71-89)
Kind Properties and the Metaphysics of Perception: Towards Impure Relationalism (2015)
Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 96(4) (pp. 487-509)
Belief, Experience and the Act of Picture-Making (2014)
Philosophical Explorations, 17(1) (pp. 35-48)
Photographically Based Knowledge (2013-09)
Episteme, 10(3) (pp. 283-297)
Book review of The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology, by Elisabeth Schellekens and Peter Goldie (eds) (2013-01)
Mind, 122(485) (pp. 319-324)
Seeing and Retinal Stability (2013)
Philosophical Psychology, 26(2) (pp. 263-266)
The Space of Seeing-In (2011-07)
The British Journal of Aesthetics, 51(3) (pp. 271-278)
Perceptual Content and Sensorimotor Expectations (2011-04)
The Philosophical Quarterly, 61(243) (pp. 383-391)
In Defence of Fictional Incompetence (2010-06)
Ratio, 23(2) (pp. 141-150)
Still Epiphenomenal Qualia: Response to Muller (2009-03)
Philosophia, 37(1) (pp. 105-107)
The Epistemic Status of Photographs and Paintings: A Response to Cohen and Meskin (2009)
The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 67(2) (pp. 230-235)
Life Through a Lens: Aesthetic Virtue and Salience vs Kantian Disinterest (2022-03)
In: Archer, Sophie ed. Salience: A Philosophical Inquiry
Publisher : Routledge | Published : London
High-Level Perception and Multimodal Perception (2021-06-10)
In: Logue, Heather and Richardson, Louise eds. Purpose and Procedure in Philosophy of Perception (pp. 147-173)
Publisher : Oxford University Press | Published : Oxford, UK