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Dr Emilie Rutledge

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Professional biography

Emilie completed a BA in Economics and Arabic at SOAS, University of London, an MSc in Economics at Birkbeck, University of London and a PhD from Durham University (fully funded by ESRC). She graduated in 2007, with a thesis entitled A gulf cooperation council currency union: appropriateness and implications.

Emilie has worked as an economist in both the public and private sectors in the UK and abroad. She has experience in banking and finance, policy making, consultancy and more than a decade teaching in Higher Education. She has carried out economic research in numerous Middle East countries including Bahrain, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. As an Associate Professor of Economics at the United Arab Emirates University she taught and designed undergraduate and postgraduate economic and research courses and supervised Doctoral students through to graduation. She has authored academic articles, book chapters and newspaper articles on the political-economy challenges facing the Gulf Cooperation Council states as they transition to post-oil economies (

Emilie joined the Open University in 2020 as an Associate Lecturer tutoring DD309, DD226 and DB125 and became a Staff Tutor in 2021. 

Research interests

Emilie's research interests focus on the applied economics of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states and energy economics. Previous publications include:

Journal articles

Rutledge, E. J. (2017), Oil rent, the Rentier State/Resource Curse Narrative and the GCC Countries. OPEC Energy Review, 41(2): 132–152. doi:10.1111/opec.12098                   

Rutledge, E. J. & Madi, M. (2017). Parental Influence on Female Vocational Intentions in the Arabian Gulf, International Journal of Manpower, 38(2): 145–159. doi:10.1108/IJM-08-2015-0130 

Lekhraibani, R., Rutledge, E. J. & Forstenlechner, I. (2015). Securing a dynamic and open economy: the UAE’s Quest for Stability. Middle East Policy, 22(2): 108–124. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.2011.00508.x 

Forstenlechner, I., Rutledge, E. J. & Alnuaimi, R. (2012). The UAE, the “Arab Spring” and Different Types of Dissent. Middle East Policy, 19(4): 54–67. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00559.x 

Forstenlechner, I., Madi, M., Selim, H. & Rutledge, E. J. (2012). Emiratisation: determining the factors that influence the recruitment decisions of employers in the UAE. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(2): 406–421. doi:10.1080/09585192.2011.561243 

Rutledge, E. J., Al-Shamsi, F., Bassioni, Y. & Al-Sheikh, H. (2011). Women, labour market nationalisation policies and human resource development in the Arab Gulf States. Human Resource Development International, 14(2): 183–193. doi:10.1080/13678868.2011.558314 

Forstenlechner, I. & Rutledge, E. J. (2011). The GCC’s “Demographic Imbalance”: Perceptions, Realities and Policy Options, Middle East Policy, 18(4): 25–43. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.2011.00508.x 

Forstenlechner, I. & Rutledge, E. J. (2010). National Unemployment in the Arab Gulf: Time to Update the ‘Social Contract’. Middle East Policy, 17(2): 38–51. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.2010.00437.x

Rutledge, E. J. (2008). Is EMU a Viable Model for Monetary Integration in the Arabian Gulf? Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 11(2): 123–134. doi:10.1080/17487870802213878 

Rutledge, E. J. (2008). Business Expectations for a Common Currency in the Arabian Gulf. Journal of Development and Economic Policies, 10(1): 37–55

Panagiotidis, T. & Rutledge, E. J. (2007). Oil and Gas Markets in the UK: Evidence from a Cointegrating Approach. Energy Economics, 29(2): 329–347. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2006.10.013 

Books and book chapters

Rutledge, E. J. (2018). Labor Markets in the Gulf and the South Asian Migration. In M. Chowdhury & S. I. Rajan (Eds.), South Asian Migration in the Gulf: Causes and Consequences (pp. 101–122). London: Springer International Publishing

Rutledge, E. J. & Al-Shamsi, F. (2015). The Impact of Labor Nationalization Policies on Female Participation Rates in the Arab Gulf. In M. Karshenas and N. Chamlou (Eds.). Women, Work and Welfare in the Middle East: The Role of Socio-Demographics, Entrepreneurship and Public Policies (pp. 525–551). London: Imperial College Press

Rutledge, E. J. (2012, paperback; 2009, hardcover). Monetary Union in the Gulf: Prospects for a Single Currency in the Arabian Peninsula. London: Routledge

Rutledge, E. J. (2006). GCC Economic Performance in 2005 and Prospects for 2006, in Gulf Yearbook 2005-2006. Dubai: Gulf Research Centre

Rutledge, E. J. (2006). Education, Not Quotas. In The Report: Dubai 2006. Oxford: Oxford Business Group.

Rutledge, E. J. (2005). Obstacles to Economic Reform in the GCC, in Gulf Yearbook 2004. Dubai: Gulf Research Centre.

Teaching interests

Emiile has taught a number of economic and research courses and particularly enjoys motivating students to learn about the importance and utility of real-world economics to everyday life.

At the OU:

  • DD309 Doing economics: people, markets and policy
  • DD226 Economics in practice
  • DB125 You and your money
  • DD126 Economics in Context


  • Principles of Macroeconomics
  • Principles of Microeconomics
  • Money and Banking
  • International Economics and Globalisation
  • Research Methods in Economics
  • UAE in the Global Business Environment (MBA)
  • Literature Review and Critique (DBA)
  • Qualitative Research Methods (DBA)