Skip to content

Toggle service links

You are here

  1. Home
  2. Professor Shonil Bhagwat

Professor Shonil Bhagwat

Profile summary

Professional biography

As Professor of Environment and Development, my research interests sit at the cross-section between natural and social sciences and my research centres on the links between environment and development. In particular, my research engages critically with discussions on a variety of key environmental concerns: agriculture and food security, biodiversity conservation, climate change, ecosystem services, and sustainability. It addresses these perceived grand environmental challenges within the context of growing discussion on the Anthropocene, the age of humans.

Before joining The Open University as Lecturer in Geography in February 2013, I directed an international and interdisciplinary masters programme in Biodiversity, Conservation and Management at the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK (2009-2013). I have also held post-doctoral research appointments at the University of Oxford (2006-2009) and at the Natural History Museum, London, UK (2003-2006).


DPhil (PhD), University of Oxford, UK, 1998-2002
MSc, University of Oxford, UK, 1997-1998
MSc, University of Pune, India, 1994-1996
BSc (Hons), Sir Parshurambhau College, University of Pune, India, 1991-1994

Professional affiliations

Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (UK)
Fellow of Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers, London
Member, Peer Review College, Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF)
Adjuct Fellow, Linacre College, Oxford

Research interests

My research is organised under three broad themes, each addressing a number of research questions:

1. Biocultural diversity studies

I investigate the role of cultural values in nature conservation, particularly at sacred natural sites: areas of land and water that have spiritual significance to people. These sites are 'nodes' of nature and culture, where human interaction with the natural environment manifests through 'nature spirituality'. My research goes beyond the observed correspondence between biological and cultural diversity at broad spatial scales and asks local-scale questions about biocultural diversity of sacred natural sites: Why are sacred natural sites located where they are? How do land tenure, institutions and governance of these sites influence their protection status? What role can sacred natural sites and nature spirituality play in modern-day nature conservation?

2. Resilience of agriculture and food systems

The global concern over feeding 9 billion people by 2050 has led to the discussion on increasing food production. Development of resilient food systems, however, requires consideration of issues other than production alone: access to food, nutrition, health and wellbeing. My research examines trade-offs between food production, nature conservation and human wellbeing. In particular it addresses the following questions: What are the benefits of keeping trees on farms in agroforestry systems? How can available technologies help to build resilience in food systems? How can agricultural landscapes be designed to support biodiversity, ecosystem services and to reduce poverty?

3. Geographies of the Anthropocene

There is increasing interest in the idea of the Anthropocene: a new geological epoch that has arisen due to widespread human activity on the planet. Human activity, in particular the development of agriculture, goes back more than 10,000 years. My research takes a long-term view of the development of the Anthropocene and asks: How can we identify baselines and thresholds that are necessary to manage dynamic and complex social-ecological systems? How can we live with the 'novel ecosystems' that human activity on the planet has created? How can we manage the interaction between humans and non-human species and leave space for wild nature on a highly human-dominated planet?

PhD supervision

I supervise postgraduate research in all three of my research themes. A selection of current and past PhD students is below:

Jacob Obodai, The Open University (2019-present) The Impact of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Activities (ASM) on Food Security in Ghana (co-supervision with Professor Giles Mohan)

Francesca Masciaga, The Open University (2017-present) China and Africa: a future partnership towards sustainable development in wildlife conservation (co-supervision with Dr Ben Lampert and Dr Charlotte Cross)

Francis Appiah, The Open University (2015-present) Addressing 'Land Sharing' and 'Land Sparing' Agricultural Land Management Options and Social-Ecological Resilience in Ghana: A Comparative Study (co-supervision with Professor Giles Mohan)

Tarsh Thekaekara, The Open University (2013-2019) Human-elephant conflict and coexistence in South India (co-supervision with Dr Parvati Raghuram and Dr Nick Bingham)

Mary Kanui, University of Oxford, UK (2011-2015) Smallholder farming and food security in Western Kenya (co-supervision with Dr Patricia Daley)

Christopher Coghlan, University of Oxford, UK (2010-present), Reconciling food security at global, regional and local scales (co-supervision with Professor Sarah Whatmore)

Fabrizio Frascaroli, University of Zurich, Switzerland (2010-2013), Faith and biodiversity conservation in sacred sites of Central Italy (co-supervision with Dr Marcus Hall)

Ashley Massey, University of Oxford, UK (2009-present) Conservation in the Anthropocene: Culturally-protected forests in anthropogenic landscapes (co-supervision with Professor Kathy Willis)

Ambroise Baker, University of Oxford, UK (2009-2014) Primeval vegetation ecology in Northern Europe and implications for the practice of re-wilding in nature conservation (co-supervision with Professor Kathy Willis)

Lydia Cole, University of Oxford, UK (2008-2013) Valuing degraded lands: Managing for biodiversity conservation in an oil palm landscape (co-supervision with Professor Kathy Willis)

I welcome enquiries from prospective PhD students

Teaching interests

Investigating the social world (DD103)
Environmental Policy in International Context (DU319)
Earth in crisis: environmental policy in an international context (DU311)
Environment: responding to change (SDT306)

Impact and engagement


Blog at
Twitter @shonilbhagwat

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
OpenSpace Research CentreCentreFaculty of Social Sciences


Practitioner insights as a means of setting a context for conservation (2020-02)
Sanders, Michele Jeanette; Miller, Laura; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Grient, Jesse Marije Anne and Rogers, Alex David
Conservation Biology, 34(1) (pp. 113-124)

Human adaptation to biodiversity change: An adaptation process approach applied to a case study from southern India (2019-12)
Thornton, Thomas F.; Puri, Rajindra K.; Bhagwat, Shonil and Howard, Patricia
Ambio, 48(12) (pp. 1431-1446)

Fire in the Swamp Forest: Palaeoecological Insights Into Natural and Human-Induced Burning in Intact Tropical Peatlands (2019-08)
Cole, Lydia E. S.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 2, Article 48

Going beyond hunger: Linking food supplies to global malnutrition (2019)
Coghlan, Christopher M. and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography, 73(2) (pp. 128-134)

[Book Review] Cultural and Spiritual Significance of Nature in Protected Areas: Governance, Management and Policy by B.Verschuuren and S.Brown (2019)
Bhagwat, Shonil
Conservation and Society, 17(3) (pp. 316-317)

Maintaining standing stones benefits biodiversity in lowland heathland (2018-04)
Shepheard-Walwyn, Emma and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Oryx, 52(2) (pp. 240-249)

Contribution of Nutrient Diversity and Food Perceptions to Food and Nutrition Security Among Smallholder Farming Households in Western Kenya: A Case Study (2018-03-01)
Ng'endo, Mary; Bhagwat, Shonil and Keding, Gudrun B
Food and nutrition bulletin, 39(1) (pp. 86-106)

Exploring the Ecological History of a Tropical Agroforestry Landscape Using Fossil Pollen and Charcoal Analysis from Four Sites in Western Ghats, India (2018-01)
Nogué, Sandra; Tovar, Carolina; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Finsinger, Walter and Willis, Kathy J.
Ecosystems, 21(1) (pp. 45-55)

Measuring progress in status of land under forest landscape restoration using abiotic and biotic indicators (2018-01)
Dudley, Nigel; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Harris, Jim; Maginnis, Stewart; Moreno, Jaime Garcia; Mueller, Gregory M.; Oldfield, Sara and Walters, Gretchen
Restoration Ecology, 26(1) (pp. 5-12)

Forest governance in the Anthropocene: Challenges for theory and practice (2017-06)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Humphreys, David and Jones, Nikoleta
Forest Policy and Economics, 79 (pp. 1-7)

Availability of Pulses in Rural Karnataka: Need to Use District-level Data (2017-04-15)
Coghlan, Christopher M. and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Economic & Political Weekly, 52(15) (pp. 108-109)

The Disturbance-diversity Relationship: Integrating Biodiversity Conservation and Resource Management in Anthropogenic Landscapes (2017)
Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Potthoff, Kerstin
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography, 71(5) (pp. 313-314)

The Idea of Climate Change as a Belief System: Why Climate Activism Resembles a Religious Movement (2016-07-04)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Economou, Anastasia and Thornton, Thomas F.
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 25(2) (pp. 94-98)

Shrines in Central Italy conserve plant diversity and large trees (2016-05-01)
Frascaroli, Fabrizio; Bhagwat, Shonil; Guarino, Riccardo; Chiarucci, Alessandro and Schmid, Bernhard
Ambio, 45(4) (pp. 468-479)

Pollen productivity estimates from old-growth forest strongly differ from those obtained in cultural landscapes: Evidence from the Białowieża National Park, Poland (2016-01-01)
Baker, Ambroise G.; Zimny, Marcelina; Keczyński, Andrzej; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Willis, Kathy J. and Latałowa, Małgorzata
Holocene, 26(1) (pp. 80-92)

Quantification of population sizes of large herbivores and their long-term functional role in ecosystems using dung fungal spores (2016)
Baker, Ambroise G.; Cornelissen, Perry; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Vera, Fransciscus W. M. and Willis, Katherine J.
Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7(11) (pp. 1273-1281)

Phytolith analysis reveals the intensity of past land use change in the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot (2016)
Nogué, Sandra; Whicher, Katie; Baker, Ambroise G.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Kathy J.
Quaternary International (Early Access)

Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr (2016)
Hoogakker, B. A. A.; Smith, R. S.; Singarayer, J. S.; Marchant, R.; Prentice, I. C.; Allen, J. R. M.; Anderson, R. S.; Bhagwat, S.A.; Behling, H.; Borisova, O.; Bush, M.; Correa-Metrio, A.; de Vernal, A.; Finch, J. M.; Fréchette, B.; Lozano-Garcia, S.; Gosling, W. D.; Granoszewski, W.; Grimm, E. C.; Grüger, E.; Hanselman, J.; Harrison, S. P.; Hill, T. R.; Huntley, B.; Jiménez-Moreno, G.; Kershaw, P.; Ledru, M.-P.; Magri, D.; McKenzie, M.; Müller, U.; Nakagawa, T.; Novenko, E.; Penny, D.; Sadori, L.; Scott, L.; Stevenson, J.; Valdes, P. J.; Vandergoes, M.; Velichko, A.; Whitlock, C. and Tzedakis, C.
Climate of the Past, 12(1) (pp. 51-73)

Influence of Seasonal On-Farm Diversity on Dietary Diversity: A Case Study of Smallholder Farming Households in Western Kenya (2016)
Ng’endo, Mary; Bhagwat, Shonil and Keding, Gudrun B.
Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 55(5) (pp. 403-427)

Variability of On-Farm Food Plant Diversity and Its Contribution to Food Security: A Case Study of Smallholder Farming Households in Western Kenya (2015-10-26)
Ng’endo, Mary; Keding, Gudrun B.; Bhagwat, Shonil and Kehlenbeck, Katja
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 39(10) (pp. 1071-1103)

How effective are on-farm conservation land management strategies for preserving ecosystem services in developing countries? A systematic map protocol (2015-04-22)
Thorn, Jessica; Snaddon, Jake; Waldron, Anthony; Kok, Kasper; Zhou, Wen; Bhagwat, Shonil; Willis, Kathy and Petrokofsky, Gillian
Environmental Evidence, 4, Article 11

Synthesising bushmeat research effort in West and Central Africa: A new regional database (2015-01-01)
Taylor, G.; Scharlemann, J. P. W.; Rowcliffe, M.; Kümpel, N.; Harfoot, M. B. J.; Fa, J. E.; Melisch, R.; Milner-Gulland, E. J.; Bhagwat, S.; Abernethy, K. A.; Ajonina, A. S.; Albrechtsen, L.; Allebone-Webb, S.; Brown, E.; Brugiere, D.; Clark, C.; Colell, M.; Cowlishaw, G.; Crookes, D.; De Merode, E.; Dupain, J.; East, T.; Edderai, D.; Elkan, P.; Gill, D.; Greengrass, E.; Hodgkinson, C.; Ilambu, O.; Jeanmart, P.; Juste, J.; Linder, J. M.; Macdonald, D. W.; Noss, A. J.; Okorie, P. U.; Okouyi, V. J. J.; Pailler, S.; Poulsen, J. R.; Riddell, M.; Schleicher, J.; Schulte-Herbrüggen, B.; Starkey, M.; van Vliet, N.; Whitham, C.; Willcox, A. S.; Wilkie, D. S.; Wright, J. H. and Coad, L. M.
Biological Conservation, 181 (pp. 199-205)

Long-term disturbance dynamics and resilience of tropical peat swamp forests (2015-01)
Cole, Lydia E. S.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Journal of Ecology, 103(1) (pp. 16-30)

Healing Animals, Feeding Souls: Ethnobotanical Values at Sacred Sites in Central Italy (2014-12)
Frascaroli, Fabrizio; Bhagwat, Shonil and Diemer, Matthias
Economic Botany, 68(4) (pp. 438-451)

Cultural drivers of reforestation in tropical forest groves of the Western Ghats of India (2014-10-01)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Nogué, Sandra and Willis, Katherine J.
Forest Ecology and Management, 329 (pp. 393-400)

Recovery and resilience of tropical forests after disturbance (2014-05-20)
Cole, Lydia E. S.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Nature Communications, 5, Article 3906

Evaluating land use and aboveground biomass dynamics in an oil palm–dominated landscape in Borneo using optical remote sensing (2014-01-10)
Singh, Minerva; Malhi, Yadvinder and Bhagwat, Shonil
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 8, Article 83695(1)

Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology (2014-01)
Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, H. John B.; Breman, Elinor; Buck, Caitlin E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogués-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew J.; Willis, Kathy J.; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E. N.; Battarbee, Rick W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith D.; Birks, Hilary H.; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, Frank M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; López-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee H.; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya Romo, Encarnacion; Morton, Oliver; Nogué, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, Francisco; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej and McGlone, Matt
Journal of Ecology, 102(1) (pp. 256-267)

Tree migration-rates: narrowing the gap between inferred post-glacial rates and projected rates (2013-08-26)
Feurdean, Angelica; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Willis, Katherine J.; Birks, H. John B; Lischke, Heike and Hickler, Thomas
PLoS ONE, 8, Article e71797(8)

Do dung fungal spores make a good proxy for past distribution of large herbivores? (2013-02-15)
Baker, Ambroise G.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Quaternary Science Reviews, 62 (pp. 21-31)

The hidden dimensions of human–wildlife conflict: health impacts, opportunity and transaction costs (2013-01)
Barua, Maan; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Jadhav, Sushrut
Biological Conservation, 157 (pp. 309-316)

Neotropical refugia (2012-11)
Bennett, K. D.; Bhagwat, S. A. and Willis, K. J.
The Holocene, 22(11) (pp. 1207-1214)

Resilience of an ancient tropical forest landscape to 7500 years of environmental change (2012-09-01)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Nogué, Sandra and Willis, Katherine J.
Biological Conservation, 153 (pp. 108-117)

[Book Review] Биоразнообразие на Гималаях в условиях меняющегося мира (Himalayan Biodiversity in the Changing World) (2012-08)
Бхагават (Bhagwat), Шонил А. (Shonil A.)
Mountain Research and Development, 32(3RU) (R141-R142)

[Book Review] Himalayan Biodiversity in the Changing World (2012-08)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Mountain Research and Development, 32(3) (pp. 383-384)

[Book Review] Global Change, Biodiversity and Livelihoods in Cold Desert Region of Asia (2012-02)
Bhagwat, Shonil
Mountain Research and Development, 32(1) (pp. 99-100)

A battle lost? Report on two centuries of invasion and management of Lantana camara L. in Australia, India and South Africa (2012)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Breman, Elinor; Thekaekara, Tarsh; Thornton, Thomas F. and Willis, Katherine J.
PLoS ONE, 7, Article e32407(3)

Religious following in biodiversity hotspots: challenges and opportunities for conservation and development (2011-06)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Dudley, Nigel and Harrop, Stuart R.
Conservation Letters, 4(3) (pp. 234-240)

The role of religion in linking conservation and development: Challenges and opportunities (2011-03)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Ormsby, Alison A. and Rutte, Claudia
Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, 5(1) (pp. 39-60)

Beware the animals that dance: conservation as an unintended outcome of cultural practices (2011)
Massey, Ashley; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Porodong, Paul
Society, Biology and Human Affairs, 76(2) (pp. 1-10)

Multifunctional shade-tree management in tropical agroforestry landscapes - a review (2011)
Tscharntke, Teja; Clough, Yann; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Buchori, Damayanti; Faust, Heiko; Hertel, Dietrich; Hölscher, Dirk; Juhrbandt, Jana; Kessler, Michael; Perfecto, Ivette; Scherber, Christoph; Schroth, Götz; Veldkamp, Edzo and Wanger, Thomas C.
Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(3) (pp. 619-629)

Biodiversity baselines, thresholds and resilience: testing predictions and assumptions using palaeoecological data (2010-10)
Willis, K. J.; Bailey, R. M.; Bhagwat, S. A. and Birks, H. J. B.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25(10) (pp. 583-591)

Biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes: challenges and opportunities of coffee agroforests in the Western Ghats, India (2010-04)
Garcia, Claude A.; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Ghazoul, Jaboury; Nath, Cheryl D.; Nanaya, Konerira M.; Kushalappa, Chepudira G.; Raghuramulu, Yenugula; Nasi, Robert and Vaast, Philippe
Conservation Biology, 24(2) (pp. 479-488)

Sacred forests of India: a strong tradition of community-based natural resource management (2010)
Ormsby, Alison A. and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Environmental Conservation, 37(3) (pp. 320-326)

Questions of importance to the conservation of biological diversity: answers from the past (2010)
Willis, K. J. and Bhagwat, S. A.
Climate of the Past, 6(6) (pp. 759-769)

4 °C and beyond: what did this mean for biodiversity in the past? (2010)
Willis, Kathy J.; Bennett, Keith D.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Birks, H. John B.
Systematics and Biodiversity, 8(1) (pp. 3-9)

Protected areas: a resource or constraint for local people? (2010)
Khan, Muhammad Siddiq and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Mountain Research and Development, 30(1) (pp. 14-24)

Biodiversity and climate change (2009-11-06)
Willis, Kathy J. and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Science, 326(5954) (pp. 806-807)

Conservation: the world’s religions can help (2009-09-03)
Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Palmer, Martin
Nature, 461(7260) (p 37)

Ecosystem services and sacred natural sites: reconciling material and non-material values in nature conservation (2009)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.
Environmental Values, 18(4) (pp. 417-427)

Conservation in oil-palm landscapes (2009)
Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Conservation Biology, 23(2) (pp. 245-246)

The distribution of late-Quaternary woody taxa in northern Eurasia: evidence from a new macrofossil database (2009)
Binney, Heather A.; Willis, Katherine J.; Edwards, Mary E.; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Anderson, Patricia M.; Andreev, Andrei A.; Blaauw, Maarten; Damblon, Freddy; Haesaerts, Paul; Kienast, Frank; Kremenetski, Konstantin V.; Krivonogov, Sergey K.; Lozhkin, Anatoly V.; MacDonald, Glen M.; Novenko, Elena Y.; Oksanen, Pirita; Sapelko, Tatiana V.; Väliranta, Minna and Vazhenina, Ludmila
Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(23-24) (pp. 2445-2464)

Agroforestry as a solution to the oil-palm debate (2008-12)
Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Conservation Biology, 22(6) (pp. 1368-1369)

Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? (2008-05)
Bhagwat, Shonil; Willis, Katherine J.; Birks, H. John B. and Whittaker, Robert J.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23(5) (pp. 261-267)

Species persistence in northerly glacial refugia of Europe: a matter of chance or biogeographical traits? (2008-03)
Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Willis, Katherine J.
Journal of Biogeography, 35(3) (pp. 464-482)

Sacred groves: potential for biodiversity management (2006-12)
Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Rutte, Claudia
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 4(10) (pp. 519-524)

A landscape approach to biodiversity conservation of sacred groves in the Western Ghats of India (2005-12)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Kushalappa, Cheppudira G.; Williams, Paul H. and Brown, Nick D.
Conservation Biology, 19(6) (pp. 1853-1862)

Macrofungal diversity in fragmented and disturbed forests of the Western Ghats of India (2005-02)
Brown, Nick; Bhagwat, Shonil and Watkinson, Sarah
Journal of Applied Ecology, 43(1) (pp. 11-17)

Building a biodiversity GRID (2005)
Jones, Andrew C.; White, Richard J.; Gray, W. Alex; Bisby, Frank A.; Caithness, Neil; Pittas, Nick; Xu, Xuebiao; Sutton, Tim; Fiddian, Nick J.; Culham, Alastair; Scoble, Malcolm; Williams, Paul; Bromley, Oliver; Brewer, Peter; Yesson, Chris and Bhagwat, Shonil
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3370 (pp. 140-151)

The role of informal protected areas in maintaining biodiversity in the Western Ghats of India (2005)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Kushalappa, Cheppudira G.; Williams, Paul A. and Brown, Nick D.
Ecology and Society, 10, Article 8(1)

Do informally managed sacred groves have higher richness and regeneration of medicinal plants than state-managed reserve forests? (2003-03-25)
Boraiah, K. T.; Vasudeva, R.; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Kushalappa, C. G.
Current Science, 84(6) (pp. 804-808)

Conservation conversations: a typology of barriers to conservation success
Sanders, Michele Jeanette; Miller, Laura; Bhagwat, Shonil A. and Rogers, Alex
Oryx ((Early Access))

Conservation and Development (2016)
Newsham, Andrew and Bhagwat, Shonil
ISBN : 978-0415687805 | Publisher : Routledge

SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals - Focus on Forest Finance and Partnerships (2019-12)
Humphreys, David; Singer, Benjamin; McGinley, Kathleen; Smith, Roy; Budds, Jessica; Gabay, Monica; Bhagwat, Shonil; de Jong, Wil; Newing, Helen; Cross, Charlotte and Satyal, Poshendra
In: Katila, Pia; Pierce Colfer, Carol J.; de Jong, Wil; Galloway, Glenn; Pacheco, Pablo and Winkel, Georg eds. Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People (pp. 541-576)
ISBN : 978-1-108-48699-6 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge

The role of biodiversity in agroforestry and other types of smallholder farming (2019-06-03)
Ngendo, Mary and Bhagwat, Shonil
In: Mosquera-Losada, María Rosa and Prabhu, Ravi eds. Agroforestry for sustainable agriculture. Burleigh Dodds Series in Agricultural Science (pp. 301-316)
ISBN : 9781786762207 | Publisher : Burleigh Dodds | Published : Sawston, Cambridge

Non-Native Invasive Species: Nature, Society and the Management of Novel Nature in the Anthropocene (2018-03-26)
Bhagwat, Shonil
In: Marsden, Terry ed. The SAGE Handbook of Nature (pp. 986-1012)
ISBN : 9781446298572 | Publisher : Sage

Introduction to Part Ten: What Nature and Which Society? The Complexities of Nature–Society Relationships in the Anthropocene (2018-01-01)
Bhagwat, Shonil
In: Marsden, Terry ed. The SAGE Handbook of Nature (pp. 935-937)
ISBN : 978-1-4462-9857-2 | Publisher : Sage

Management of Nonnative Invasive Species in the Anthropocene (2018)
Bhagwat, S. A.
In: Dellasala, Dominick A. and Goldstein, Michael I. eds. Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene (pp. 409-417)
Publisher : Elsevier

Concepts and perceptions of land degradation and restoration (2018)
Kohler, Florent; Kotiaho, Janne S.; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Navarro, Laetitia; Reid, Robin S.; Wang, Tao and Desrousseaux, Maylis
In: Montanarella, Luca; Scholes, Robert and Brainich, Anastasia eds. The IPBES assessment report on Land Degradation and Restoration (pp. 53-134)
ISBN : 978-3-947851-09-6 | Publisher : IPBES

Management of Nonnative Invasive Species in the Anthropocene (2017)
Bhagwat, S. A.
In: Elias, Scott A. ed. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
ISBN : 978-0-12-409548-9 | Publisher : Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier

Can world heritage status help protect sacred natural sites in Asia? (2016-08-11)
Ormsby, Alison; Jackson, Wendy and Bhagwat, Shonil
In: Verschuuren, Bas and Furuta, Naoya eds. Asian Sacred Natural Sites: Philosophy and practice in protected areas and conservation (pp. 41-54)
ISBN : 9781138936294 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : Abingdon

The History of Deforestation and Forest Fragmentation: A Global Perspective (2014-09)
Bhagwat, Shonil
In: Kettle, Chris J. and Koh, Lian Pin eds. Global Forest Fragmentation (pp. 5-19)
ISBN : 9781780642031 | Publisher : CAB International | Published : Wallingford

Leadership and listening: inspiration for conservation mission and advocacy (2013-04)
Gosler, Andrew; Bhagwat, Shonil; Harrop, Stuart; Bonta, Mark and Tidemann, Sonia
In: Macdonald, David W. and Willis, Katherine J. eds. Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2 (pp. 92-109)
ISBN : 978-0-470-65876-5 | Publisher : John Wiley & Sons | Published : Chichester

Tropical agricultural production, conservation and carbon sequesteration conflicts: oil palm expansion in South East Asia (2013-01-23)
Singh, Minerva and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
In: Fang, Zhen ed. Biofuels - Economy, Environment and Sustainability (pp. 39-71)
ISBN : 978-953-51-0950-1 | Publisher : Intech | Published : Rijeka, Croatia

Biodiversity conservation, rural livelihoods and sustainability of oil palm landscapes: problems and prospects (2012-01-01)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Cole, Lydia E. S. and Willis, Katherine J.
In: Simonetti, Javier A; Grez, Audrey A and Estades, Christian F eds. Biodiversity Conservation In Agroforestry Landscapes: Challenges And Opportunities (pp. 117-130)
ISBN : 9561123843 | Publisher : Editorial Universitaria | Published : Santiago de Chile

Sacred groves and biodiversity conservation: a case study from the Western Ghats, India (2012)
Bhagwat, Shonil A.
In: Pungetti, Gloria; Oviedo, Gonzalo and Hooke, Della eds. Sacred Species and Sites: Advances in Biocultural Conservation (pp. 322-334)
ISBN : 9780521110853 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge

Sacred species and biocultural diversity: applying the principles (2012)
Pungetti, Gloria and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
In: Pungetti, Gloria; Oviedo, Gonzalo and Hooke, Della eds. Sacred Species and Sites: Advances in Biocultural Conservation (pp. 367-406)
ISBN : 9781139030717 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press

Applied island biogeography (2011)
Triantis, Kostas A. and Bhagwat, Shonil A.
In: Ladle, Richard J. and Whittaker, Robert J. eds. Conservation Biogeography (pp. 190-223)
ISBN : 9781444335033 | Publisher : Blackwell Publishing Ltd. | Published : Oxford

Conservation of biodiversity in sacred natural sites in Asia and Africa: a review of the scientific literature (2010)
Dudley, Nigel; Bhagwat, Shonil; Higgins-Zogib, Liza; Lassen, Barbara; Verschuuren, Bas and Wild, Robert
In: Verschuuren, Bas; Wild, Robert; McNeely, Jeff and Oviedo, Gonzalo eds. Sacred Natural Sites: conserving nature and culture (pp. 19-32)
ISBN : 978-1-84971-166-1 | Publisher : Earthscan | Published : London

Conservation and Development in India: Reimagining Wilderness (2018-01-23)
Bhagwat, Shonil ed.
ISBN : 9781138922334 | Publisher : Routledge

Church forests in Ethiopia: The Author Replies (2007)
Bhagwat, Shonil
Ecological Society of America

Parks and factors in their success (2001)
Stern, M; Bhagwat, Shonil; Brown, Alison; Evans, Tom; Jennings, Stephen and Savill, Peter